Identifying pathways for achieving transformational change in forest partnerships using Qualitative Comparative Analysis

Partnerships for Forests (P4F) is a UK Government-funded programme that catalyses investment in sustainable forest and land use. The P4F-supported projects ensure that the private sector, public sector and communities gain shared value, so protecting and restoring forests while generating sustainable income streams for communities and businesses. As part of its work to understand outcomes, P4F’s monitoring, evaluation, and learning team used Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) to identify which combination of factors is most likely to make these projects transformative. This allowed the programme to trial QCA for use in similar programmes and provided learning about which activities to focus on to produce the most transformative outcomes in any potential follow-up phase or future projects.